Ebooks portugues gratis download Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos Mitchell M. Waldrop 9780671872342 FB2 DOC (English Edition)

Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos

Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos

by Mitchell M. Waldrop

Publisher: Simon & Schuster
ISBN: 9780671872342
Pages: 384
Format: pdf, ePub, mobi, fb2
File size: 10 Mb
Date posting: 2020-09-17
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Description

Why did the stock market crash more than 500 points on a single Monday in 1987? Why do ancient species often remain stable in the fossil record for millions of years and then suddenly disappear? In a world where nice guys often finish last, why do humans value trust and cooperation? At first glance these questions don't appear to have anything in common, but in fact every one of these statements refers to a complex system. The science of complexity studies how single elements, such as a species or a stock, spontaneously organize into complicated structures like ecosystems and economies; stars become galaxies, and snowflakes avalanches almost as if these ...